Peru is a country in the Western Hemisphere. It is on the west coast of the continent of South America. It is directly opposite China on a globe of the world.
Peru lies almost directly south of the East Coast of the United States.
Where is Peru on the world map?
If you were to fly directly south from Miami, Florida, you would eventually be in Peru. It is in the same time zone as Eastern Standard Time.
Peru is bordered on the north by the countries of Ecuador and Colombia. The farthest point north in Peru is at the corner where Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru meet. That point is in the Upper Amazon jungle basin. More about Peru's geography >>>
The latitude (the horizontal lines that you see on maps or globes)
of Northern Peru's border is just about right on the equator, putting
most of Peru in the Southern Hemisphere and entirely within the
Because of its location within the tropics, the sun is directly overhead twice a year.
There is no real summer or winter in Peru and the length of daylight hours does not vary greatly during the year.
In Lima, the capital city, the longest days of the year are the last week of December with 12 hours and 50 minutes of daylight. The shortest days are at the end of June with 11 hours and 25 minutes of daylight.
Peru's border with Ecuador has had a spotted history. In spite of the intervention of world arbitrators, the border is still unclear in remote areas.
Sporadic disputes over this border area have resulted in
poor relations between the two countries.
Peru's border with Colombia lies in the Amazon River Basin. The border is clearly marked by a navigable river.
Although not densely populated, the area bordering Colombia does see some movement having to do with trade and petroleum companies. This somewhat remote border has remained relatively stable over the years.
If you plan to travel in the lesser-known areas of Peru, it is always a good idea to check the Travel Alerts and Warnings from the US Embassy in Peru.
Peru is bordered on the east by the largest country in South
The borderline describes a semicircle embracing a bulge in Brazil's western jungle.
Although these countries share a large common border, a different language is spoken in Brazil. That language is Portuguese.
The Spanish nation conquered the west coast of South America, while
the Portuguese conquered and claimed much of Eastern South America. Read more about Peru's history >>>
shared border with Brazil lies entirely in a jungle area; part of it
is mountainous jungle, or rainforest.
Unlike the border with Ecuador, the eastern border has not been the subject of disputes with Brazil.
Lying as it does entirely in the deep Amazon Rain Forest, Peru's eastern border is practically inaccessible for most of its length and populated by only a few people in remote communities.
Peru's southern region is bordered by Bolivia and Chile.
Peru's border with Bolivia begins in the deep jungle of Southeastern Peru and traces its way southward high into the Andes Mountains.
Not far from the Pacific Coast but still high in the mountains, the border with Bolivia ends and the border with Chile begins.
with Chile is very short but steep, as it moves down from the high
mountains through some of the driest desert in the world before it
meets the cold Southern Pacific Ocean at Peru's southernmost point.
As the southern neighbor of Peru, Chile has not been very friendly. War between the two nations have left their marks on both populations.
Peru is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
The coast of Peru
trends north-northwest for most of its length before bending back to
the northeast shortly before joining Ecuadors coast.
The Pacific Coast of Peru is nearly twice as long as the coast of California.
For most of that length, the coast is quite narrow; the
land rising quickly into the towering grandeur of the Peruvian Andes.
Although lying totally within the tropics, most of the narrow coast of Peru does not have hot tropical temperatures.
Rather, it has a climate much like
the Mediterranean area of the world. This temperate (mild) weather is a
result of the cold current of water coming up from the region of the
South Pole, Antartica.
The variety of Peru's landscape, climates, peoples, animals, and
vegetation is highlighted on many pages on this site.
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