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Artists from Peru
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Peru has a rich cultural history of art, with Peruvian artists showing
brilliant talent from the earliest cultures up to the present
Before the invasion of Spain and European influence, many cultures came
and went in Peru and much of their art work still remains. The
individual artists from Peru of past cultures, unfortunately, remain
Artists from Peru - Pre-Columbian Art
Peruvian artists and art
A detail of the Raimondi
Stela. This stela was found out of its
original placement at the ceremonial complex, Chavín
. It was
cited by Pablo Picasso
as an inspiration for his art.
today are heavily influenced by the art of their
But not only Peruvian artists have seen the value of Peru's
Others, such as Pablo Picasso
, have borrowed and
these past anonymous artists of Peru.
Lets take a look at the art first.
pre-Columbian art known comes from the north coast of Peru
during the time of the Cupisnique Culture and Chavin
, about 1000 BCE (Before the Common Era). These
Peruvian artists worked with gold, silver, and ceramics.
From BCE 800 to the first
(Common Era), the Paracas
and other cultures
were known for their ceramics with complex designs.
, around the 3rd century CE, really shone as far
as their ceramics went. The many pieces in existence today show, in
many cases, realistic human features with a touch of humor. The excellent
of different persons as well as
animal and plant life would be hard to beat even by today's artists.
The Tiwanaku Culture, centered around Lake
between 800-1200 CE, was the first known Peruvian
civilization to introduce colossal stone sculptures and architecture.
The development and use of bronze tools made it possible to do
stonework much beyond what was produced using more simple tools.
Back on the coast to the north, the Chimu culture flourished around
1300-1400 CE. This culture excelled in goldsmithing and fine pieces are
on display in Peru's
The most recognized Peruvian civilization, the Inca
, carried on the massive architectural feats of the
Tiwanaku Culture and took this art form to new heights. Although their
ceramic, gold, and silver work were well-developed, the limelight has
always been on their almost unbelievable archetictural style.
Artists From Peru - Colonial Art
After the invasion and subjugation by Spain, other influences came into
play in the Peruvian art scene. Many of the artists of Peru from this
early Colonial Period
came under the sponsorship of the church and painted and sculpted
religious or moral works.
A mixture of European and more indiigenous art influences can be seen
of the major painters of the 1600s and 1700s. The artists of Peru today
continue this tradition.
Artists From Peru in Modern Times.
What distinguishes Peruvian artists today is the mixture of native and
other influences, resulting in unique and varied artwork.
The Indigenous Movement
one branch of Peruvian art that reflects this mixture.
Here is a list of Peruvian Artists and the time period in which they
worked, courtesy of Wikipedia:
Little Girl with a Chicken *by Carlos Morales
* Pablo Amaringo (b. 1938)
* Mario Urteaga Alvarado (1875-1957)
* Hugo Orellana Bonilla (1932-2007)
* Martín Chambi, (1891-1973),
* Daniel Hernández (1856-1932)
* Nelson Medina (b. 1978)
* Carlos Enrique Polanco
* J. Alberto Tello Montalvo
* Jorge Vinatea Reinoso (1900-1931)
* José Sabogal (1888-1956)
* Josué Sánchez (b. 1945)
* Basilio Santa Cruz Pumacallao
* Fernando de Szyszlo (b. 1925)
* Antonio Sinchi Roca Inka (17th century)
* Carlos Runchie Tanaka
* Carmen Gris Tello Fuentes
* María Luisa Tello Fuentes
* Diego Quispe Tito (1611-1681)
* Juan Antonio Valdivieso Fuentes
* Boris Vallejo (b. 1941)
* Alberto Vargas (1896-1982)
* Marcos Zapata (c. 1710-1773)
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